Using LTE-Sim in New Hanover Decision Algorithm for 2-Tier Macrocell-Femtocell LTE Network


  • Umar Danjuma Maiwada Umaru Musa Yaradua University, Katsina, Nigeria
  • Aminu Aminu Muazu Umaru Musa Yaradua University, Katsina, Nigeria
  • Izaddeen Kabi Yakasai Middlesex University, London, UK



User-equipment, Radio Signal Service, Long Term Evolution, Mobility Management, Handoff


Deployment of mini macrocell base stations can also be referred to as femtocells improve quality of service of indoor and outdoor users. Nevertheless, mobility management remains a key issue with regards to their deployment. This paper is leaned towards this issue, with in-depth focus on the most important aspect of mobility management - handover. In handover management, making a handover decision in the LTE two-tier macrocell femtocell network is a crucial research area. Decision algorithms in this research, are classified and comparatively analyzed according to received signal strength, user equipment speed, cost function and interference. However, it was observed that most of the discussed decision algorithms fail to consider cell selection with hybrid access policy in a single macrocell multiple femtocell scenario, another observation was a majority of these algorithms lack the incorporation of user equipment residence parameter. Not including this parameter boosts the number of unnecessary handover occurrence. To deal with these issues, a sophisticated handover decision algorithm is proposed. The proposed algorithm considers the user’s velocity, received signal strength, residence time as well as the femtocell base station’s access policy. Simulation results have shown that the proposed algorithm reduces the number of unnecessary handovers when compared to conventional received signal strength based handover decision algorithm.


A. Galindo-Serrano, L. Giupponi, M. Dohler, (2010) "Cognition and Docition in OFDM A Based Femtocell Networks," IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, pp.1-6, Dec. 2010.

Agilent technologies (John Wiley & Sons), (2013). LTE and the Evolution to 4G Wireless: Design and Measurement Challenges.

Alcatel-Lucent, (2009) Strategic White Paper, the LTE Network Architecture, a Comprehensive Tutorial, Cited at: xii, 8, 10

Haijun Zhang, Xiangming Wen, Bo Wang, Wei Zheng, Yong Sun (2010) “A Novel Handover Mechanism between Femtocell and Macrocell for LTE based Networks”, Communication Software and Networks, ICCSN'10. Second Conference on, pp 228-231, Feb 2010.

Hamza, J., (2009) Long Term Evolution (LTE) - A Tutorial, Network System Laboratory, Simon Fraser University, Canada, October 13, 2009. Cited at: 8

Holma, H. and Toskala, A., (2009) LTE for UMTS - OFDMA and SC-FDMA Based Radio Access, Wiley Publishers, 2009. Cited at: xii, 8, 9

Hui Zhou, Donglin Hu, Shiwen Mao, Prathima Agrawal, Saketh Anuma Reddy (2013) “Cell Association and Handover Management in Femtocell Networks”, Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC), 2013 IEEE Conference, pp 661-666, April 2013.

Hussain, S., (2009) Dynamic Radio Resource Management in 3GPP LTE, Blekinge Tekniska H•ogskola, Karlskrona, Sweden, January 2009. Cited at: 8

K.Sethom Ben Reguiga F. Mhiri, R. Bouallegue., (2011) “Handoff Management in Green FEMTOCELL Network”, International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 – 8887) Volume 27– No.4, August 2011

Mostafa Zaman Chowdhury and Yeong Min Jang (2013) “Handover management in high-dense femto cellular networks”, EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, pp 1-21, December 2013, 2013:6.

Rhode & Schwarz, n.d. (2011) LTE--‐ Advanced (3GPP Rel.11) Technology Introduction WHITE PAPER. [Online] Available at: https://cdn.rohde--‐ 32_1E_LTE_Rel11.pdf.

Saketh Anuma Reddy, Hui Zhou, Donglin Hu, Prathima Agrawal (2013) “Handoff Management with A Delay Requirement in Femtocell Networks”, IEEE Journal, pp 119-123, March 2013.

Saketh Anuma Reddy, (2014) Handover Management in Femtocell Networks May 4, 2014.

Sesia, S. et al, (2011) LTE - The UMTS Long Term Evolution, From Theory to Practice, Second Edition, Wiley Publishers, 2011. Cited at: xii, 6, 7, 8, 10, 14, 15

T. Zahir, K. Arshad, A. Nakata, K. Moessner, (2013) “Interference Management in Femtocells,” in Common Surveys & Tutorials, vol. 15, pp. 293-311, 2013.

Webb, W., (2007). The future of wireless communications. John Wiley and Sons. Lxix



How to Cite

Danjuma Maiwada, U., Muazu, A. A., & Yakasai, I. K. (2020). Using LTE-Sim in New Hanover Decision Algorithm for 2-Tier Macrocell-Femtocell LTE Network. International Journal of Computer and Information Technology(2279-0764), 9(4).